Thursday 09 February 2023

Anti-disease vegetable; Bitter in taste but full of quality

Dietician Nusrat Deepa || TheAgriculturist

Published: 09:18, 5 December 2020  
Anti-disease vegetable; Bitter in taste but full of quality

Many people may get frustrated when they hear the name bitter gourd as a vegetable. However, due to the different taste, many people like it as a vegetable, and because of the bitter taste, some people cannot take it at all. There seems to be more of a younger or younger number than adults on this list. Bitter gourd is a summer vegetable but is now available almost all year round.

Known as anti-disease, this low-cost vegetable can keep us healthy in many ways. Today we will learn some more extraordinary nutritional benefits beyond the traditional talk about the nutritional value of bitter gourd.

• Bitter gourd contains a lot of iron which helps in reducing anemia by making hemoglobin.

• Bitter gourd has more calcium than spinach and more potassium than a banana, so it plays a very important role in the health of teeth and bones.

• Bitter gourd is extremely beneficial for patients with high blood pressure. Because of the potassium present in bitter gourd, playing it two or three days a week helps to normalize blood pressure. And keeping your blood pressure normal means keeping your heart healthy.

• We all know that there is no pair of vitamin C to keep the skin beautiful. Bitter gourd has enough vitamin C to keep our skin and hair healthy. Another excellent quality of vitamin C is that it builds up immunity against any type of virus and bacteria. Therefore, those who have a high rate of bacterial infections, psoriasis, fungal infections, or viral diseases can keep a moderate amount of bitter gourd on the food list as a rule.

• Bitter gourd is rich in fiber and reduces the problem of constipation.

• Bitter gourd contains a sufficient amount of beta-carotene. However, to explain this considerable difference, we have to talk about the expensive vegetable broccoli. There is no comparison between broccoli as a healthy vegetable and beta-carotene, carotenoid-rich vegetable. But broccoli also contains much more beta carotene than this low-cost bitter gourd. Due to this our eyesight is good and helps to solve various eye problems.

• Diabetes is a very common disease in many countries of the world including Bangladesh. The number of people suffering from diabetes is increasing abnormally due to the uncontrolled life of the people. The polypeptide P present in bitter gourd helps in controlling the blood sugar and sugar level excreted through urine. Bitter gourd increases the body's ability to absorb sugars by increasing the enzyme adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase.

• Bitter gourd juice increases the metabolism of glucose, which is converted from carbohydrates inside the body's cells, rather than fried vegetables or vegetables. Which helps reduce the amount of blood sugar.
So diabetic patients can control their blood sugar by regularly drinking boiled bitter gourd juice or bitter gourd.

• Many people who may have had severe jaundice due to liver damage or excessive alcohol intake are more likely to have liver damage, in which case a moderate amount of bitter gourd leaf juice or bitter gourd juice may be helpful in relieving the problem. Eating a moderate amount of bitter gourd helps to clean the liver, so there is no indigestion. However, it is good to know that in the case of cirrhosis of the liver, if you eat too much bitter gourd or bitter gourd juice, the bitterness of bitter gourd can cause toxins and further damage the liver.

• Work stress or migraine for any reason but the headache is reduced.

• Lycopene is a powerful antioxidant that many of us know more or less. Bitter gourd contains a lot of lycopene. So you can always eat bitter gourd to prevent aging.
However, in some cases, there are restrictions on eating bitter gourd. For example, those who have high levels of potassium in their blood or those who have chronic kidney problems, it is better not to eat bitter gourd.

• It is forbidden to eat bitter gourd in case of diarrhea or stomach ailments.

As a diabetic patient, those who suddenly have low blood sugar or hypoglycemia should not eat bitter gourd daily or regularly. However, according to your physical needs, age, and disease, you must consult a skilled nutritionist to include bitter gourd in your daily diet.

Author: Clinical Dietitian, Square Hospital, Dhaka.